It is difficult to find a more active and positive pet than the welsh terrier. This wonderful dog, appearing in your house, will not let anyone get bored. One of the main features of the breed is an unlimited supply of energy, which must be put somewhere.
The Welsh Terrier also known as the Welshie, is a curious, playful, faithful dog. Representatives of the breed have an innate hunting instinct.
They are able to hunt foxes, rodents and birds. But now the Welsh Terrier is kept as a pet and is practically not used in hunting.
The homeland of the Welsh terrier is Great Britain, or, more precisely, the county of Wales. The indicated breed appeared in the second half of the eighteenth century. Refers to hunting dogs.
The Welsh Terrier is surprisingly similar to the Airedale terrier. Uninformed people call the welsh terrier its miniature copy. This statement is incorrect, there are no common roots between these breeds.
The history of the origin, formation of the breed can be traced by ancient records, paintings, statuettes.
In ancient times, a terrier was called any small dog that had an evil character, strength, coarse hair and with amazing dexterity hunted small predators, rats and mice.
The Welsh terrier is descended from an Old English rough-coated Terrier, which is currently an extinct species. For a long time, the Welsh Terrier was classified as Old English terrier at shows. But many other terrier species fit into this category.
By 1885, the welsh terrier was fully formed and received a separate classification in the cynological club of England. From that time on, pure-bred breeding began, and official welsh terrier kennels appeared.
The popularity of the Welsh Terrier began to grow. He became known outside his homeland. They began to breed it in America in European countries. In Germany, breeders used the genes of the Welsh Terrier to breed such a breed as the Jagdterrier.
There is an assumption that during the formation of the welsh terrier, dog handlers attracted fox terriers, Lakeland terriers, and Irish terriers to breeding work.
Physical characteristics of the Welsh Terrier
The Welsh Terrier has a compact build, the muscles of the breed are developed, like those of real athletes.
Adult Welsh Terrier dogs should not exceed 39 cm at the withers. Weight approx. 9 kg.
A medium-sized head with a flat skull rests on a not too thick, medium-long neck. Ears hanging, triangular in shape, small in size.
The eyes are not bulging, deep, relatively small, dark. The look is lively, attentive.
The muzzle of the Welsh Terrier is not too long. The nose is of medium size, black.
The jaws are powerful and deep. The Welsh Terrier has a strong grip. The scissor bite is correct.
The loin is strong, the back is short, the top line is even. The chest is deep, moderately voluminous. In most cases, the tail is docked.
The legs are smooth, with highly developed muscles and a massive skeleton. The hips are quite long. Cat’s paws, rounded, small in size.
Welsh Terrier ‘s coat is a medium length and dense. The hair to the touch hard, curls slightly. The muzzle has a mustache and beard, characteristic of all types of terriers.
The color of the coat is exclusively two-tone – reddish-brown with black or black-gray caps.
Character and temperament of the Welsh terrier
The Welsh terrier very poorly tolerates separation from the owners. He quickly becomes attached to the family, to the house. Not obsessive, if he sees that the owner is busy, he will not pester, asking for attention.
He will try to occupy himself with something on his own, for example, play with his favorite toy. The main thing for a Welsh terrier is to be aware that the owner is in the house, nearby.
The Welsh Terrier often shows its waywardness and cockiness. Dog handlers noted that males are much calmer, more balanced and friendlier than females. Aggression is not inherent in the breed.
But if a dangerous situation arises, if someone threatens the welsh terrier or his owner, the dog becomes bold and decisive. He is able to give a worthy rebuff to the enemy, despite the small size.
For children, the Welsh terrier is an ideal friend, playmate and protector. You don’t have to leave this terrier alone with kids, but with teenagers an energetic dog is ready to spend time playing games day and night. The main thing is that parents teach their children to respectfully treat the pet with care.
Due to the innate hunting instinct of the Welsh Terrier, it is not recommended to keep small pets in the same territory, especially rodents (rats, hamsters, squirrels …).
A Welsh terrier can coexist peacefully with a cat if he grew up with her in the same house. Due to his cockiness, he does not mind taking part in dog fights.
He does not show aggression towards people, including towards strangers. Guests are even happy, as she prefers to be in the spotlight. But this is provided that there is no threat from strangers.
The Welsh Terrier does not belong to silent and quiet dogs. Such a pet, with or without reason, likes to bark. Wean him from this from puppyhood.
The average life span of a Welsh terrier is 12-15 years.
This dog is naturally strong, and the owner should maintain its health. He must necessarily vaccinate the pet, regularly carry out deworming and treatment against fleas and ticks.
It is important to visit a veterinary clinic with a Welsh terrier at least once a year to undergo preventive examinations. This will help to detect a possible disease in time and begin treatment at an early stage.
The Welsh Terrier owner should know what health problems his pet is prone to:
- Glaucoma is an enlargement of the eyeball in size.
- Allergy – food or care products.
- Cataract is an eye disease characterized by clouding of the lens.
- Von Willebrand’s disease is a bleeding disorder, accompanied by spontaneous bleeding.
- Epilepsy – the disease is not treatable, but seizures accompanied by seizures can be controlled.
- Dislocation of the lens of the eye – destruction of the fibers of the girdle that normally hold the lens, as a result of which it can freely move between the front and rear cameras of the eye through the opening of the pupil.
- Hypothyroidism is an endocrine pathology.
- Atopy – atopic dermatitis, a disease manifested by allergic rashes on the skin.
The welsh terrier can feel comfortable both in the apartment and in the aviary. The main thing, in both the first and second cases, is to provide the overactive dog with daily walks.
When walking in the city, you cannot let the dog off the leash. It is prone to shoots; it has a highly developed hunting instinct. Therefore, at any time, this terrier can chase a passing cat or a bird.
To keep the welsh terrier free to run freely, find a place to walk away from roads and too crowded places. Although – once a week, leave with your pet to the countryside.
If the dog is kept in an enclosure and the private courtyard is well-fenced, let him run daily around the territory of the house. It is important to take into account the fact that the welsh terrier loves to dig, dig holes.
He can easily dig up the fence and run for an independent walk, which is fraught with troubles for both the dog and the neighboring chickens, for example.
Keeping a Welsh Terrier on a chain is not acceptable. The dog will suffer from such a restriction of freedom. As a result, it will dig up all the ground around the booth, whine and bark.
To maintain the appearance of the dog in good condition, as well as to maintain its health, the following procedures should be performed regularly:
- The coat of the welsh terrier requires serious care in the form of combing, haircuts, trimming. Molting in representatives of the breed is poorly expressed, but they need to be combed out often (2-3 times a week). We carry out trimming 2 times a year. If the welsh terrier participates in shows, trimming is required monthly, it is advisable to use the services of a professional.
- We bathe our dog’s once a week, as this active terrier is quickly smeared, its coarse coat is easily dirty. After the walk, we wash the dog’s legs and wipe its stomach and legs with a damp towel, followed by wiping dry.
- We trim the nails once a month.
- Ears should be examined three times a week. After examination, we clean using cotton swabs and special products from the veterinary pharmacy.
- We clean our dog’s eyes daily in the morning using cotton swabs.
- We brush our dog’s teeth once a week with a special paste and a brush to prevent the formation of tartar and the appearance of an unpleasant odor from the mouth.
The Welsh Terrier is extremely picky about food. It suits both dry food and natural products. The artificial way is easier. By purchasing premium food, the owner provides the dog with a balanced diet with the right amount of vitamins and minerals.
With natural feeding, it is important to include vitamin and mineral supplements in the diet. It is important to maintain the correct ratio of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Think over the portions, guided by the age of the animal, the state of its health and the level of physical activity.
The welsh terrier should not lick the bowl, showing by all appearance that he has not eaten enough. Also, should not leave food, this indicates that the portions are large for him.
The water is constantly in the drinker, fresh and slightly cool.
Training and education
The Welsh Terrier is often naughty, stubborn and wayward. That is why it is quite difficult to educate and train a representative of the breed.
It is important to use a sharp mind, working qualities and complaisance of the pet, to make sure that he himself likes classes, training.
The owner must exercise perseverance, tolerable severity, patience and consistency during training.
An overly emotional Welsh terrier will not tolerate rudeness and physical punishment. So, you should forget about such methods of education.
If you want to quickly achieve positive training results, organize part of the lessons in a playful way. For success, praise, stroke, encourage with your favorite treats.
The Welsh Terrier will definitely need to complete the Basic Obedience Course. This dog really likes active types of training: jumping, frisbee, agility.
Also, the energetic Welsh Terrier will gladly take part in dog races and in profile work (for foxes, raccoons).
Welsh Terrier Fun Facts
- The Welsh Terrier is one of the oldest terriers in the world.
- welsh terrier is the most obedient and smart dog among other terriers.
- The first welsh terriers appeared more than four hundred years ago, since then the exterior of the breed has not changed.
- In ancient times, Welsh terriers participated in fierce sports. These are not well-known dog fights. In this case, we are talking about a huge enclosure filled with large hungry rats. In this open-air cage the welsh terrier was launched. The dog was supposed to strangle all the rats at the specified time and get out of the fight with the least injuries. The winner is the terrier, who faster than the rest of the participants coped with a huge flock of rodents and did not receive any injuries.
Welsh Terrier dog breed highlights
The Welsh Terrier breed is suitable for all ages. The main thing is that the owner of such an overactive dog should lead an active lifestyle and be able to provide his pet with a sufficiently high level of physical activity.
This Terrier is not one of those breeds that can be left alone at home for the whole day, they need to be given a lot of attention. For phlegmatic people, this type of dog is completely unsuitable, as well as for too busy people.
The main advantages of the welsh terrier:
1. Beautiful appearance.
2. Friendly disposition, no aggression.
3. Unpretentiousness to food.
5. It gets along well with children.
The main disadvantages of the Welsh terrier:
1. Cannot stand loneliness.
2. A tendency to escape.
3. Likes to dig the ground.
4. Often barks loudly.
5. Requires daily walking with high physical activity.