Yorkshire Terrier : Facts – Temperament – Health – Care – History


The Yorkshire terrier, or Yorkie, is native to Scotland but bred in England. These small dogs were molded to hunt rats, but these days they are popular as pets. In fact, their variety was one of the best dog breeds of 2005.

They usually grow as small and light varieties. Therefore, owners are not afraid to have their pets on their lap most of the day. In addition, this usual bonding activity generally transforms this companion dog into a brilliant, playful and loyal companion.

Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

Basic facts

Here are some basic facts that breeders would really like to know about the Yorkshire terrier:

Category: Toy (Terrier)

Living environment: indoors (highly recommended); outside (fenced yard)

Color: silky, shiny, long and fine; no undercoat

Colors: black when they are young but they reach the beige and blue colors as they mature.

Height: between 20 and 22 cm.

Weight: between 2 and 3 kg

Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier



  • The Yorkshire terrier is territorial and wants its privacy to be respected.
  • He is intelligent and fearless.
  • He is assertive and independent.

Once properly trained, the Yorkshire terrier

  • Develops a close affinity with older children.
  • Becomes really fun and lively
  • Becomes extremely affectionate
  • He doesn’t mind having other pets at home
  • He focuses much of his attention and affection on his owner.

Known health problems in Yorkshire terrier

Breeders should note the following health issues:

  • Alopecia or hair loss
  • Cataract, or loss of transparency of one or both lenses of the eyes
  • Cryptorchidism, in which the testes do not descend into the scrotum
  • Dwarfism
  • Entropion, an eyelid disorder; eyelashes that irritate the eyeballs could lead to other complications
  • Glaucoma, a condition that causes increased pressure in the eye
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or reduced tear production
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Patellar dislocation, a patella disorder
  • Portosystemic shunt, or accumulation of blood toxins in the liver
  • Urolithiasis, an infection of the urinary tract causing the formation of bladder stones.

Care and exercise

  • They require daily grooming.
  • Ears and eyes should be cleaned and checked regularly.
  • Dental hygiene must be regularly maintained.
  • They are only suitable for short strides.
  • They should have a regular playing time while lying in the sun, chasing shadows and joining the showdown.
Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier

Origin / History

Understanding the Yorkshire Terrier of today means watching the ancestry of this dog. There seems to be little disagreement about how the modern Yorkshire Terrier came to be. Even though there is no record of the Yorkie’s first parents, it is widely believed that the breed is estimated to be just over 100 years old. The Yorkshire Terrier of the past was much larger than the terriers of today. It’s surprising, but the earliest versions of today’s Yorkies were working-class dogs.

Since the 11th century, there was a rule that workers were not allowed to hunt. In order to prevent hunting, workers were not allowed to have a dog large enough to be able to hunt. The dogs had to pass through a small hoop (7 inches in diameter) to prove that they were small enough. He was originally bred to be a hunting dog, catching rats, rabbits and mice to supplement the diet of their poor owner.

Before the start of the industrial revolution, people lived in small communities and grew up around factories and mines. The industrial revolution brought about great changes in family life. People were drawn to cities looking for a job and a better life.

These people brought the Paisley Terrier with them; which were mainly working dogs that caught rats and other small animals.

The Paisley Terrier or Clydesdale Terrier has been crossed with other types of Terriers. The English Black Terrier, the Tan Toy Terrier and the Skye Terrier. Maltese has also been crossed with these to produce long coats and a smaller size. You can still see the similarity of form between the Maltese and today’s Yorkies. There is no record on the first pedigree to confirm these crosses. The literacy level was low, which led to poor record keeping. It is thought to be the most likely cross.

The father of the modern Yorkie would be a dog called Huddersfield “Ben”. Raised by Mr. Eastwood and owned by Mr. Foster; he was a very popular stallion who had a great influence in the modern breed. He has won numerous competitions and is said to have established many standards for his breed type.

The British Kennel Club registered the first Yorkies to the British Kennel Club Stud Book in 1874. The American Kennel Club began to recognize Yorkshire Terriers as a breed in 1885. The first Yorkshire in 1910 was the first specimen seen in an area German. Known as the “Halifax Terriers”, these dogs shared the appearance of the Yorkshire Terrier which, to date, has changed very little. Breed standards for the Yorkshire Terrier have not changed much. There are a few small changes, but these are directly related to new knowledge in canine health.

The Yorkshire Terriers of today are brave, loyal and energetic. A loyal watchdog who will be wary of strangers and defend his territory. Yorkies love to bark but with proper training, you can teach them not to. Part of the cross that results in tiny varieties of “cup of tea” can cause health problems in today’s Yorkshire terriers. Often their skulls are too small and this leads to a range of breathing problems.

It is widely accepted that the selection of these varieties of “Teacup” is cruel and causes all kinds of health and behavioral problems. Be responsible and buy one of the most accepted varieties. If you intend to breed your Yorkshire terrier, keep this in mind when choosing a father.

Today’s Yorkies are energetic, fun, and a pleasure to have around. They will keep you entertained for hours and years to come.