The manx cat is very similar to the British shorthair, with the exception of the tail. His body is firm and compact, with a broad chest and a short back.
The rump is rounded and must be higher than the cross. The legs are short and strong, the back being a little longer than the front. Exposed cats should have no tail completely, with the rump completely rounded; However, strains of different lengths are allowed in pet cats or breeding cats.
The mantle of the manx cat consists of a short and thick lower coat and a slightly longer upper coat. With the exception of the Siamese pattern, the manx cat can have any combination of colors and brands.
The Manx tailless cat has been known for hundreds of years on the Isle of Man, where there are several legends about its exact origin. One of them claims that it was Noah who cut his tail by closing the door of the arch too quickly. Another says that the tailless cats swam to the coast of the Isle of Man from the broken galleons of the Spanish Navy in 1588. The absence of a tail is probably due to a genetic mutation probably caused by the inbreeding reproduction between Small population of short-haired British island.
The genetic mutation causing the lack of tail can also be responsible for other bone malformations. Despite this, the manx cat can be introduced at all major cat shows in the UK.
Other names: Manks
Common nicknames: Stubbin, rumpy
Native country: Great Britain (Isle of Man)
Physical characteristics of the Manx cat
The body of a Manx cat is rounded of medium size with a strong skeleton, with a wide chest. The back is arched due to the underdevelopment of the spine. The legs are strong and slender. The hind legs are longer than the front, so the cat has a characteristic rabbit-like appearance. It also moves like a rabbit – by jumping.
The head is round, large with round cheeks and expressive cheekbones. The neck is short. The nose is straight, wide. The ears are set high, pointed at the ends. The eyes are round and large. The color of the eyes, the tip of the nose and the pads of the feet should correspond to the main tone of the coat.
The coat of the Manx cat is thick, dense “double” with shiny hard spines and short thick undercoat, to the touch reminiscent of rabbit fur.
The Manx cat can be any color. But it is desirable that the colored spots were separated by a white field.
Individuals of the show class have no tail at all. But due to breeding problems caused by the tailless gene, the presence of several tail vertebrae (rumpy riser) is allowed. Such animals take part in championships, but are rated lower than completely tailless (rumpy). They also belong to the breed, but cats with a short stumpy and a longy are not allowed to participate in the championships. Such animals are very important because without them it is impossible to breed Manx cats.
Weight: 4 – 5.5 kg
Manx cat character
Manx cats have a calm, balanced character. They adapt well to living conditions and are very sociable both to the owner and to other roommates. They love children and easily find common ground with dogs. Manx cats need communication and company.
These cats are loyal, inquisitive and gentle, as well as intelligent and obedient. They have not lost their hunting instinct, so they hunt mice and rats very well.
In order not to let the owner, the Manx cat will try to take part in it or at least be aware of the events. He has a supernatural ability to capture the mood of the people he lives with.
Manx cats like to play with water, but they don’t like to wash. By the way, these cats do not know how to climb trees, so keep that in mind.
These cats usually have a quite marked character, despite this they are very sociable, both with people and with other animals, they are very intelligent and affectionate, especially when they have been raised at home from kittens, always looking for their guardians to play and receive pampering.
When Manx cats are raised in more rural areas, making life abroad, they present great skills as rodent hunters, a fact that makes it a great choice as a cat both for those who live in the field and for families who live in urban areas, since it adapts perfectly to life in an apartment.
Lack of tail is a serious genetic defect, so the “deformed” column of the manx cat can be a problem. If deformed vertebrae affect the spine, the cat may be prone to arthritis at a very young age.
In some cases, the anal passage may narrow and lead to intestinal obstructions. The genetic mutation causing the lack of tail can also be responsible for other bone malformations; even in the case of mating two “hens” (cats that do not have a tail completely), young are usually born dead or die soon after birth.
The vertebral columns of manx cats almost always have other malformations: sometimes the vertebrae are shorter than normal, they also tend to fuse in the lower part of the column or there may be fewer vertebrae than expected.
If you are planning to let your manx cat reproduce, consult your veterinarian to avoid unnecessary suffering and kittens deformities.
The manx cat, like every cat, is unique and has its own food needs.
However, cats are carnivores and each cat must get 41 different specific nutrients in their food. The proportion of these nutrients will vary according to age, lifestyle and overall health.
It is therefore expected that a growing energetic kitten will need a different nutrient balance than a less active older cat.
It is necessary to pay attention to the amount of food necessary to maintain an ideal physical condition according to the guidelines for food and individual preferences with regard to the type of food (wet or dry).
Basic care of the Manx Cat
The care of the Manx cat is basically the same as in any other breed, never neglecting visits to the vet to control the development of its spine and to always keep up to date with its vaccinations and deworming. As for daily habits, it is important to control your diet and ensure that it is always of the highest quality and in the right quantity. It is not an especially breed prone to put on weight, but it can gain weight with relative ease if it overfeeds and does not perform adequate physical exercise.
Nor should you neglect its physical appearance, which is achieved by frequent brushing, especially in the long-haired variety, to remove dead hair and avoid the appearance of tangles. It is advisable not to bathe it completely too many times, because it is not necessary and because it may lose its own skin protection. However, a bath every two months may be necessary, and in which case it must always be done with a specific cat shampoo.
With these cares, and those mentioned above, including petting, play and exercise sessions, education and various attentions, you will be sure that your Manx cat will always be in the best possible conditions.
Manx Cat Fun Facts
• There are many legends created around the appearance of these cats and their absence of tail. One of the most popular dates back to the ancient bible, even. And it is that this story tells that Noah cut the tail of a cat of this breed inadvertently by closing the doors of the ark. Other stories claim that a motorcycle was the one that cut the tail of a Manx cat when passing over it, or that the breed may be the origin of the cross between a cat and a rabbit. Of course, none of them are plausible, but they are very striking and creative in trying to explain the Manx’s best known feature.
• The fact that its hind legs are longer than the front ones responds to the greater need for support than other breeds and to maintain balance despite not having a tail. When walking it is something that is not so noticeable, but when it runs it is quite striking, peculiar and even fun, because it runs in a way that is more reminiscent of a rabbit than a cat.
• Although it is not one of the best known or numerous breeds in the world, it is quite easy to find representations of this animal in different cultural examples, especially in animation series and video games.
• Sometimes it can be confused with the Japanese bobtail cat, but the truth is that they are quite different. The bobtail always has one or more joints in the tail, and its hind legs keep the proportion visibly, so they can be differentiated just by watching them closely.
The Manx cat is not so numerous or easy to find anywhere in the world. However, if you want to get a copy of this breed, you should go to a specialized breeder who can guarantee the good health of the puppy and a responsible breed with its parents. There are more and more breeders who love this breed, so finding a professional, respectable and recommended one should not be an excessively complicated task. Plus, the effort will always be worth it to start a new life with your new adventure partner and best friend.