Scottish Terrier | Information & Dog Breed Facts

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The Scottish Terrier, Scottie, or Aberdeenie, is a small muscular dog with strong bones. Its general appearance is that of a very powerful dog for small size. In addition, his characteristic beard gives a special touch to the face of this dog, with an elegant port.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

It is a small dog which comes, as its name suggests, from Scotland, and has a fascinating history behind which we will know below.

In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ article, we are going to tell you a lot about the Scottish terrier, such as it is a fairly independent dog, and for this reason, it is not recommended that it is not adopted by people. very affectionate or who must be in constant contact with their pets, although that does not mean that we can leave this breed of dog alone for a long period of time.

Origin

In the past, all Scottish terriers were divided into only two groups, the short-legged terrier and the long-legged terrier, so that all small breeds crossed. This is a cause of great confusion when researching the origins of the Scottish terrier, and the only thing that is known for certain is that it was used as vermin hunting dog in the Scottish Highlands. Furthermore, he was widely selected to act alone, without the help of farmers, which is why he is now such an independent dog.

By the end of the 19th century, however, a distinction had been made between the different Scottish short-legged terrier dogs and their history is more precisely known. The Scottish terrier was very popular in the Aberdeen area and for a time it was known as the Aberdeen terrier. In 1880, the first breed standard was written and the scottie began to gain popularity on the show tracks.

Between the First and Second World Wars, this breed gained popularity, both as a show dog and as a pet. However, its popularity declined somewhat over the following years. Although not as popular today as it was at its peak, the Scottish Terrier is still a highly regarded pet dog and a major competitor at dog shows.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Physical characteristics of the scottish terrier

The Scottish Terrier is a small but fairly muscular specimen, which gives it a much-appreciated speed.

As for the color of its coat, it can be very varied, ending up with specimens with black, wheat or tabby hairs – in this case, also called brindle, it has harder hairs. There is also the White Scottish Terrier variety, which is widely accepted by pet lovers.

One of its most striking qualities is the muzzle, which is more prominent and elongated compared to the rest of its face.

As for its silhouette, it is a small compact dog with short but robust legs. Her eyes are small and bright, with almond tones.

The ears of the Scottish Terrier should be small, pointed and covered with short, velvety fur.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Size

The height of the cross is approximately 25 cm for any specimen, while the length of the back of the cross to the tail is approximately 28 cm.

Regarding its weight, it should be between 8.5 and 10 kg for males, and between 8 and 9.5 kg for females.

Its height must not exceed 28 cm.

Coat

The coat of the Scottish terrier is very special, so meticulous care is necessary to leave it completely clean.

It must be fixed every week, using a stiff brush, a dog’s glove, a wide-tooth comb for handling the beard and scissors for trimming.

To cut its hair, you should keep in mind that it must be done every two months if you want to keep it in perfect condition, because they will have softer hairs; If you want to leave his hair long, you can cut it several times a year. For this process, you can fend for yourself or go to a dog groomer who does this difficult job.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terrier character

This dog is courageous, determined and independent, but also very loyal and intelligent. With his family, he tends to be very friendly and playful, although he is independent. With strangers, he tends to be reserved and not easy to make friends, but neither does he tend to be aggressive towards people. With dogs and other animals, however, things are different. The Scottish terrier is generally aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex and tends to hunt and kill small animals. The socialization of this dog must be done from an early age so that it can coexist well with people, dogs and other animals.

Among the most common behavioral problems in this breed are excessive barking and searching in the garden, in addition to aggression towards other animals. These problems, however, can be resolved by giving dogs the opportunity to engage in these behaviors (except aggression) in controlled situations and through solid and consistent training.

The Scottish Terrier has the ideal character to be a great pet of people who do not constantly disturb the dog, but who like the physical activities outside.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Care

Hair care takes longer than other breeds, as the Scottie must be combed at least three to four times a week to avoid tangling. In addition, you have to cut his hair about three times a year and clean his beard every day. Show dogs need more intensive care which should be provided by a professional. Bathing is only recommended when the dog is dirty and should not be very frequent.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Exercise

As he is a very active and curious dog, the Scottish terrier requires a lot of physical and mental exercise. Fortunately, much of this exercise can be done indoors, as they are small dogs. One or more daily walks, added to certain games with the ball or the push and pull, are generally sufficient to channel the energy of these dogs. If they have the ability to dig, they will, which can also become an activity to release energy if the dog is trained to do it only in one place and on command.

The Scottish Terrier needs a minimum of one hour of exercise per day with as much free time as possible, but only in a safe environment taking care when around other dogs. If he doesn’t get the right amount of mental stimulation and exercise every day, a Scottie would get bored quickly and might even start to show destructive behavior in the home, which is his way of relieving the stress that he feels and not necessarily because he is mean.

That said, Scottie puppies should not exercise too much because their joints and bones are still growing. This includes not letting a dog jump up and down furniture or go up or down the stairs. Too much pressure on their joints and spines at an early age could cause a dog to develop serious problems later in life.

In addition, the Scottish terrier is very independent due to its history as a hunting dog. So it doesn’t need as much companionship as other dogs, but it’s not a good idea to leave it alone for long periods of time. He needs time in the company of quality, without being disturbed, but without being abandoned to live all his life isolated in a garden.

Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Health

The Scottish Terrier dog is very healthy, but, like all breeds of dogs, it can contract certain diseases because of its constitution.

The most common that can appear in a Scottish terrier dog are: Scottie cramp, Von Willebrand disease, craniomandibular osteopathy or patellar dislocation.

Scottie cramp is a very common problem in this breed, although it is considered harmless to this species. When the animal is tense or stressed, it can arch its spine and walk like a chicken, even losing the ability to walk or run in some cases. However, it is a disease with which they can live normally after treatment.

Von Willebrand disease is an inherited blood pathology that influences blood clotting. It occurs due to excessive bleeding after an injury or surgical treatment, and a transfusion is the only way to treat it today.

Craniomandibular osteopathy affects various bones of the skull, causing them to grow irregularly during growth, appearing between 4 and 8 months. Often it also prevents the normal opening of the mouth and the chewing muscles can atrophy.

Patellar dislocation affects the knee – especially a hind leg – and can even be paralyzing.

Feeding

Small dogs have a fast metabolism, which means they burn energy at a very high rate. This means that with such a small stomach, they have to eat little but often. Small breed foods are specially designed with adequate ratios of key nutrients and smaller feed grains to accommodate small mouths. In addition, it stimulates chewing and improves digestion.

If you get a Scottish terrier puppy from a breeder, he will give you a feeding schedule and it is important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid stomach upset.

Older dogs are not known to be picky eaters, but that doesn’t mean they can get a lower quality diet. It is best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and again in the evening, making sure it is a good quality food that meets all of its nutritional needs.

Scottish Terrier puppy
Scottish Terrier puppy

Feeding guide for a Scottish terrier puppy (depending on the size of the puppy)

Puppies need to be fed a highly nutritious, good quality diet to develop and grow as they should. As a guide, a Scottie puppy can be fed the following amounts every day ensuring that its meals are distributed evenly throughout the day and it is best to feed them 3 or 4 times a day:

  • 2 months – 125g to 145g
  • 3 months – 138g to 170g
  • 4 months – 144g to 181g
  • 5 months – 145g to 184g
  • 6 months – 144g to 183g
  • 7 months – 132g to 166g
  • 8 months – 120g to 148g
  • 9 months – 119g to 132g
  • 10 months – 119g to 131g

Once a puppy is 11 months old, it can be fed with food for adult dogs.

Feeding guide for an adult Scottish terrier (depending on the activity)

Once fully mature, an adult Scottish terrier dog should be fed good quality food to ensure good health. As an indication, an adult Scottie can be fed each day with the following amounts:

  • Dogs weighing 8 kg can be fed from 115g to 134g
  • Dogs weighing 8.5 kg can be fed from 121g to 140g
  • Dogs weighing 9.5 kg can be fed from 126g to 146g
  • Dogs weighing 10 kg can be fed from 136g to 158g
Scottish Terrier
Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terrier Dog Breed Facts

Positive points

  • The Scottish Terrier is a very good companion and a loyal, devoted and affectionate pet.
  • It is a good choice for first time dog owners.
  • This dog has a relatively slight loss coat.
  • The Scottish terrier is good with children.
  • He does not get too angry when left to himself as long as it is not too long.
  • He is an intelligent dog and in good hands quickly learns new things.
  • The Scottish Terrier is just as happy to live in an apartment because it is very adaptable.

It is not too demanding on the exercise front.

Negative points

  • The Scottish terrier requires a lot of maintenance on the grooming front.
  • He is known to have a tenacious streak in him.
  • It is a dog with a great sense of prey
  • The Scottie loves to “dig”, which includes flower beds and lawns.
  • Some Scotties are a little too fond of the sound of their own voices.

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